[Skip to Content]
Access to paid content on this site is currently suspended due to excessive activity being detected from your IP address Please contact the publisher to request reinstatement.
[Skip to Content Landing]
Views 391
Citations 0
Global Health
October 20, 2015

Nigeria May Be Next Country to Eliminate Polio

Author Affiliations

Copyright 2015 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved. Applicable FARS/DFARS Restrictions Apply to Government Use.

JAMA. 2015;314(15):1553. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.12546

Nigeria, 1 of 3 remaining polio-endemic countries including Afghanistan and Pakistan, marked its first year without a case of polio on July 24, 2015. With no cases of polio being reported in a little more than a year in Somalia, the entire continent of Africa marks 1 year with no polio cases being reported (http://bit.ly/1IWLEUf).

Nigeria and the other countries in the World Health Organization’s African region must pass 2 more years without reporting a case of polio to be declared polio-free. To achieve this goal, these African countries need to maintain high-quality surveillance and vaccination efforts. The wild polio virus can persist in infected people who exhibit no symptoms of the disease but who shed virus into the environment through their stools. For this reason, testing of sewage systems can help identify areas where polio might linger so that officials can mount a targeted immunization campaign.