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May 14, 1927


JAMA. 1927;88(20):1569-1570. doi:10.1001/jama.1927.02680460039013

William Pasteur introduced the term "massive collapse of the lung" to indicate the condition found at necropsy in some cases following paralysis of the diaphragm in diphtheria. In 1908 at the Royal College of Physicians of London, he 3 reported finding massive collapse of the lung in other fatal cases, some of which were deaths after abdominal operations. In 1910, he recognized a case during life and, before the World War, other physicians had also diagnosed this condition.

Early in the war, certain unusual and inexplicable symptoms were observed associated with injuries of the chest. Bradford, 4 who saw many of these cases, has written the only comprehensive article on massive collapse of the lung that yet appears in a textbook. Scott, 5 in 1925, analyzed all the postoperative cases of massive collapse that were reported in sufficient detail, and reported four new cases from Cushing's clinic. In the same