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January 25, 1941

THE STUDENT SECTION of the Journal of the American Medical Association: Devoted to the Educational Interests and Welfare of Medical Students, Interns and Residents in Hospitals

JAMA. 1941;116(4):339-352. doi:10.1001/jama.1941.02820040073031

A Study of the Medical Education of Women


From century to century medical women as well as men have had interesting and important careers. There has been no age in which the two sexes have not worked side by side in order to improve the health and the happiness of the people around them as well as to augment their own fortunes.

FROM THE FIRST TO THE FIFTEENTH CENTURY, A. D.  In the first century A. D., while Greek manuscripts were being translated into Latin, Soranus and Celsus and other learned men of Rome were making the hippocratic teachings in gynecology and pediatrics their own. A hundred or more years later Galen also copied and vastly increased what Soranus and Celsus had copied, but he used the medical material not only of other men but also of women doctors, among whom were an Aspasia, a Metrodora, a young Cleopatra and a little woman from Africa who was a classmate of Galen's in Alexandria.