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February 1, 1941


JAMA. 1941;116(5):414. doi:10.1001/jama.1941.02820050058012

As a result of the vast numbers seeking the relative safety of air raid shelters in the London metropolitan area, many difficult and unexpected health and sanitary problems have arisen. At a meeting on this subject of the Section on Epidemiology and State Medicine at the Royal Society on Dec. 20, 1940, reported in the British Medical Journal,1 many of the pressing questions on this subject were discussed, including ventilation, heating, the establishment of medical aid posts in the larger shelters, measures against liceborne disease, the provision of sanitary facilities, masking for the prevention of droplet infection, the use of insecticides, the disinfection of air and the problems of overcrowding. Two compensating factors were pointed out by Lord Horder: the stimulation of research which would undoubtedly lead to invaluable and permanent contributions to preventive medicine, and the opening up of a field for health education quite unparalleled in the