FUNCTION OF THE CORPUS LUTEUM
Speaking broadly, the endocrine function of the corpus luteum is now well understood. The gland is a part of the mechanism of pregnancy. When an ovum begins its journey through the fallopian tube, the follicle from which it took origin gives place to the corpus luteum, and this organ thereupon delivers into the blood stream a substance, progesterone, that has the property of causing extensive development of the endometrium, preparing the uterus for the reception and nutrition of the embryo.
Action on the Uterine Mucosa.—
The action of the corpus luteum on the uterus is best known in the rabbit, because that species especially has been used for experiments with progesterone. About two days after the formation of the corpora lutea or after the beginning of a course of treatment with progesterone, rapid cell division begins in the epithelium, resulting in a downgrowth of
CORNER GW. CORPUS LUTEUM HORMONE. JAMA. 1941;116(7):591–594. doi:10.1001/jama.1941.62820070001010
Customize your JAMA Network experience by selecting one or more topics from the list below.