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The jury in the case in which the United States Government brought suit on criminal charges in a conspiracy against four medical associations and twenty-one individual defendants brought in its verdict at 11 p. m. on April 4. When the prosecution had completed presentation of its evidence, Justice Proctor directed the jury to acquit the Harris County Medical Society, the Washington Academy of Surgery and two of the individual defendants. One of the individual defendants, Dr. Groover, died before the case came to trial. The final decision of the jury found the American Medical Association and the District of Columbia Medical Society guilty and declared all of the individual defendants not guilty.
Newspapers, radio commentators and many others at once expressed confusion in endeavoring to understand this verdict. This confusion arose because five members of the staff of the American Medical Association, including the Secretary, the only ones connected by
THE VERDICT. JAMA. 1941;116(15):1646. doi:10.1001/jama.1941.02820150036011
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