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February 7, 1931


JAMA. 1931;96(6):442-443. doi:10.1001/jama.1931.02720320042009

The bacteriologic study of peritonitis was the subject of a recent investigation by Meleney, Harvey and Jern,1 with whom the surgeons at various clinics in New York cooperated. The investigation was preliminary to a study of the immunologic and serologic side of the question. The Columbia workers first investigated the intestinal organisms of man and the laboratory animals and those found in raw catgut, in order to develop a technic especially for anaerobic cultures. While studies on the bacteriology of peritonitis had been made previously, some methods used were either so simple or so elaborate as to fail to identify some of the anaerobic organisms present. Indeed, the present investigators do not claim that they recovered every species present, for there may have been organisms that would not grow on the mediums used. A bacteriologic study of the exudate was made in 106 cases of peritonitis taken at the