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The object of the memorandum is to indicate to hospital authorities what can be done to provide protection against air raid risks both in existing hospitals and in the planning and construction of new hospitals. The main sources of danger in an air raid are high explosive bombs, incendiary bombs and poison gas. There is, in addition, danger from falling fragments of antiaircraft shells. It is not practicable to provide hospital buildings which would resist a direct hit by a high explosive bomb or the blast effect of high explosive bombs falling close to them, though by careful planning and design something can be done to mitigate or localize the damage. Specific suggestions are made for the existing hospitals with regard to special protection of the ground floor, the windows and the roof. It is advised that hospitals in dangerous situations provide special shelter accommodation for the staff off duty
Structural and Other Precautions Against Air Raid Risks in Hospitals. JAMA. 1941;116(19):2227. doi:10.1001/jama.1941.02820190103029
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