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Article
February 14, 1931

VIII. The Movements of the Eyes in Reading.

JAMA. 1931;96(7):555. doi:10.1001/jama.1931.02720330075048

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Abstract

This monograph describes experiments made in the psychologic laboratory at the University of Cambridge on the movements of the eyes in reading. The author investigated the effects of different factors, such as meaning, interest, and trains of thought, on the effector mechanisms of reading, these effects being judged by observation of the ocular movements and the rate of reading. The basis of these experiments is the method originally invented by R. Dodge and depends on the fact that the movements of the bright spot of light reflected from the cornea are the same in direction, though only half as great in magnitude, as those of the eyeball itself. These movements were recorded on a continuously moving film by the reflection of a small, strong beam of light, the source of which was a 100 candle power Ediswan Pointolite bulb, which was directed toward the cornea while the experimental subjects were

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