Recent years have witnessed an increasing consideration of the problem of the prematurely born child. The postpartum care has been greatly improved with respect to incubator facilities, the heating and ventilation of the environment, diet and nursing care. From the point of view of physical equipment and hygienic care, real progress is to be anticipated. There are, however, many records that promote discouragement in the contemplation of the effect of premature birth on the subsequent growth and development of the child. For example, in an elaborate review of the subject based on a study at the Children's Clinic of the University of Vienna, Capper1 wrote in 1927:
The fate of immature children is not enviable; almost one half of them die during the first year of life. Of those that remain alive, the majority are physically as well as mentally underdeveloped. Some of them show a late mental development;
THE PREMATURE CHILD. JAMA. 1931;96(8):615. doi:10.1001/jama.1931.02720340045012
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