Venereal disease has been the concern of the United States Army and Navy at least since 1778. In this year Congress provided that any officer should be fined $10 and any enlisted man $4 who should be admitted to a hospital with such a disease. Aside from the purely medical measures of treatment of infected personnel, various other control steps have since been taken, including (1) a continuation of the policy of punishment for infection, differing in severity from time to time but still including (by acts of Congress, 1912 and 1914 and 107th Article of War) loss of pay and loss of time for disease acquired "as a result of misconduct,"1 (2) periodic physical inspection of personnel (1899), (3) the provision of recreational facilities (1909), (4) chemical prophylaxis (1909) and later mechanical prophylaxis, (5) educational measures (1909), (6) official recognition of responsibility of unit commanders for high venereal
MOORE JE. VENEREAL DISEASES AND NATIONAL DEFENSE. JAMA. 1941;117(4):255–258. doi:10.1001/jama.1941.72820300003005a
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