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September 13, 1941

The Diseases of Women

JAMA. 1941;117(11):975. doi:10.1001/jama.1941.02820370071047

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Medical historians know that for some years there has been an argument as to whether there ever was a woman physician known as Trotula who lived nine hundred years ago. The first edition of this book was printed in 1544. According to the author, Trotula was a woman physician who taught, treated diseases and wrote at the University of Salerno in the eleventh century and who, according to a church record, died in 1097, at which time a procession of mourners 2 miles long followed her to the grave. Indeed, she is said by the author to have had a husband and two children. There are German medical historians who insist that Trotula was actually a book written by a Roman freedman of the Empress Julia. Here, however, is a free English translation of the text published under the name of Trotula in 1544, a most valuable contribution to medical

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