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October 15, 1927


JAMA. 1927;89(16):1336-1337. doi:10.1001/jama.1927.02690160044016

The death of Svante August Arrhenius, director of the Nobel Institute, at his home in Stockholm, Sweden, October 2, marks the end of a career in the study of the physical sciences that has made a deep impression on various aspects of medicine as well as on the disciplines that underlie it. Arrhenius continued the succession of brilliant names that his fatherland has supplied to science; he ranks along with Scheele, Linnaeus and Berzelius. The contribution that served to place Arrhenius in the forefront of academic distinction was his theory of electrolytic dissociation. Through application of the generalization expressed in Avogadro's hypothesis as it refers to gases, van't Hoff had reached the important conclusion that the osmotic pressure exerted by any substance in solution is the same as it would exert if it were a gas in the same volume as that occupied by the solution. Investigators soon found exceptions