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October 18, 1941

Theory of Occupational Therapy for Students and Nurses

JAMA. 1941;117(16):1400. doi:10.1001/jama.1941.02820420092042

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This elementary book by British authors makes clear the position which directed occupation takes among remedial measures that are helpful in a wide variety of disorders and disabilities. They do not claim that it can be regarded as a "cure" but consider it merely an adjunct to other treatment. Much of the success to be derived from it depends on the tact, sympathy and understanding of the therapist, who should know the objective of treatment.

The brief historical sketch of occupational therapy opens with mention of its use in Egyptian temples. Seneca and Galen advocated it. Pinel in France, Benjamin Rush in the American colonies, and the Tukes in England had no little part in calling attention to the value of work as treatment for mental patients. At Gütersloh in Germany, work became the chief therapeutic approach of all those who helped to care for patients. The authors report the

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