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The whole subject of arthritis is still in a state of uncertainty and confusion which makes the labeling of cases difficult. It follows that the prognosis and treatment are also confused. The pathologic nomenclature does not offer clear-cut clinical divisions, and many etiologic problems are not yet settled. The most serviceable clinical grouping is that of the Goldthwait school. The types of cases are listed as: (1) infectious; (2) atrophic; (3) hypertrophic. There are occasional transitional forms. Recovery from the simple infectious type may be complete or there may be numerous remissions and recurrences without change of type. On account of the age, diathesis and constitutional condition of the patient it may slip over into one of the other types. This is not common, however. Usually a case runs true to form throughout its course.
What, then, are the distinguishing characteristics of the three types?
1. The pure infectious type
SCHAUFFLER RM. ARTHRITIS: A SIMPLE CLASSIFICATION, ILLUSTRATED BY ITS APPLICATION TO A SERIES OF CASES. JAMA. 1927;89(21):1748–1751. doi:10.1001/jama.1927.02690210014005
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