In preparing a recent report on chronic pyelitis, I was impressed by the number of cases in which congenital anomalies of the urinary tract played a part in the infection. It seemed of interest, therefore, to review such abnormalities observed at the Mayo Clinic in the last six years. In 1924, Bugbee and Wollstein,1 writing on the surgical pathology of the urinary tract in infants, stressed the frequency with which congenital anomalies of the urinary tract were encountered in a series of 4,903 necropsies. Lesions were found in 117 cases, 101 of which were probably congenital. A clinical diagnosis of disease of the urinary tract was made before death in only two cases; in one of these congenital cystic kidney was diagnosed, in the other hydronephrosis. It is difficult to estimate the number of cases in which death was caused by disease of the urinary tract and the number
HELMHOLZ HF. CONGENITAL ABNORMALITIES OF THE URINARY TRACT IN CHILDHOOD. JAMA. 1927;89(23):1932–1936. doi:10.1001/jama.1927.02690230016006
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