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JAMA Revisited
October 4, 2016

The Lower Animals and Human Disease

Author Affiliations

Copyright 2016 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved. Applicable FARS/DFARS Restrictions Apply to Government Use.

JAMA. 2016;316(13):1414. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.17104

Originally Published October 7, 1916 | JAMA. 1916;6715:1093-- 1094.

Only a few years ago Lee1 wrote:

“From time immemorial human life has been cursed by the two great evils of war and pestilence. Working at times together, at times apart, there is no portion of the earth and no race of men that they have not devastated. The one has slain its thousands, the other its millions, and sorrow and misery have ever accompanied and followed them. Ages have come and gone, while through them all the clash of arms has sounded and murderous plagues have silently spread unchecked. Now in the morning of the twentieth century the moral nature of man has risen against the one of these evils, and all his science is invoked against the other; and there is ground for the great hope that when our century passes away, they also will pass, and man will be freed forever from two of his greatest burdens.”