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Article
February 16, 1935

FROST-BITES AMONG EMPLOYEES OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK: DURING THE WINTER OF 1933-1934

JAMA. 1935;104(7):529-532. doi:10.1001/jama.1935.02760070011003
Abstract

Among the regular and temporary employees of the Department of Sanitation, there were 388 cases of frost-bite between December 1933 and March 1934. One hundred and twenty-eight cases were mild; the men lost no time from work and required but one treatment. The data on these 128 cases were not available for inclusion in this study, which is limited to the 260 remaining cases.

One hundred and eighteen men had frost-bitten ears, of which four resulted in disfiguring scars; one had a frost-bitten nose, which left no noticeable scar; 113 had frost-bitten hands and fingers, twenty of whom have permanent defects varying from limitation of motion in one finger to almost complete loss of use of the hand. Of forty-two frost-bites of the feet there are four with similar variations of permanent defects. The classification of permanent defect does not include patients who complained of recurrent swelling of the affected

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