After a careful survey of the literature it is amazing to learn of the various opinions and theories concerning renal tuberculosis. It comprises 30 per cent of all surgical lesions of the kidney, being more than twice as common as renal tumors. The disease usually afflicts persons in the prime of life and, if not successfully treated, may lead to extensive involvement of the genito-urinary system.
Despite advances made in the recognition and treatment of renal tuberculosis, the disease is often overlooked. In a service confined to a large institution caring for tuberculosis in its various forms, one becomes "tuberculosis conscious" and ever on the alert for manifestations of this disease in the genito-urinary system. But in private practice and in a general hospital where tuberculosis is infrequently encountered, involvement of the genito-urinary tract is often overlooked. This is especially true in early renal tuberculosis, in which symptomatology is markedly
GREENBERGER ME, WERSHUB LP, AUERBACH O. THE INCIDENCE OF RENAL TUBERCULOSIS: IN FIVE HUNDRED AUTOPSIES FOR PULMONARY AND EXTRAPULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS. JAMA. 1935;104(9):726–730. doi:10.1001/jama.1935.02760090030009
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