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From the JAMA Network
November 8, 2016

Melanoma Prevention—Avoiding Indoor Tanning and Minimizing Overexposure to the Sun

Author Affiliations
  • 1Departments of Surgical Oncology and Cancer Biology, Melanoma and Skin Center, Melanoma Moon Shots Program, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston
  • 2Dermatology Service, Melanoma Disease Management Team, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York
  • 3Department of Cutaneous Oncology, Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, Florida
  • 4Departments of Oncologic Sciences and Surgery, University of South Florida Morsani College of Medicine, Tampa
JAMA. 2016;316(18):1913-1914. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.16430

The US incidence of melanoma has been increasing over the past several decades. In 2016, it is estimated that 76 380 individuals will be diagnosed with invasive melanoma and 10 130 will die of the disease.1 Melanoma represents a small fraction (<5%) of incident skin cancers, yet accounts for an estimated 75% of skin cancer deaths. Even though the incidence of most solid tumors decreased between 1975 and 2012, the incidence of melanoma increased approximately 3% per year.2 Between 2002-2006 and 2007-2011, the average annual cost for melanoma treatment increased nearly 3-fold (from an estimated $0.86 billion to $3.35 billion).2