The ideal normal nutritional state for pregnancy would be one in which the maternal body was endowed with the proper nutritional elements before, during and after the pregnancy, to ensure the optimum needs of the fetus in its intrauterine development, to supply stores for its needs in early infancy, to ensure adequate nutrition for the normal physiologic requirements of the mother, and for the added requirements resulting from pregnancy and lactation. It is therefore not enough to discuss the question of diet for the expectant mother by simply saying that her needs are those of any healthy woman. While we have been accustomed to thinking of the fetus as parasitic and therefore obtaining its nutritional needs even at the expense of the maternal stores, perhaps we should consider more optimum development of the fetus by making all needs readily available. Gross nutritional deficiencies are seldom encountered in the population today,
EBBS JH. NUTRITIVE REQUIREMENTS IN PREGNANCY AND LACTATION. JAMA. 1943;121(5):339–345. doi:10.1001/jama.1943.62840050002011
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