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Article
February 27, 1943

Growing Up in a World at War

JAMA. 1943;121(9):711. doi:10.1001/jama.1943.02840090081037

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Abstract

This pamphlet is a report of a group of child psychiatrists and psychoanalysts, members of a committee on psychologic problems of children in wartime. The purpose was to present an analysis of the probable important effects of the war on children and the effect on their character development. Children's reactions to any fearful situation are dependent on their earlier life experiences and the emotional stability of the parents. The reaction to war may mean for the child insecurity based on reopening of old anxiety or on change in the child's environment or may be dependent on transmission to the child of the parents' feelings of insecurity.

The children observed showed defenses against the anxiety provoked by the war characteristic of the age and personality makeup of each child. These defenses, such as talking about the war, bragging, depreciation of the enemy and denial of danger, are discussed. Some of these

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