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March 20, 1943

TANTALUM AS A METALLIC IMPLANT TO REPAIR CRANIAL DEFECTS: A PRELIMINARY REPORT

JAMA. 1943;121(12):931-933. doi:10.1001/jama.1943.62840120001009
Abstract

Cranial defect in military surgery represents a most important problem because of the frequency of occurrence and because it renders a man unfit for military duty unless it can be adequately repaired. Therefore an adequate method of repair is urgent—one which can be performed by the general surgeon as well as by the neurologic surgeon in any ordinary general hospital wherever it may be located. Moreover, the repair should render protection to the intracranial structures against blows, changing atmospheric pressures and changing bodily positions which should approximate that afforded by the normal cranium. The convalescence following the operative procedure should be brief to keep "as many men at as many guns as many days as possible."

REPORT OF CASE  R. A. P., aged 23, a fireman, second class, attached to submarine duty, had received a compound depressed fracture of the left frontal region on May 5, 1941 when struck by

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