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June 19, 1943


JAMA. 1943;122(8):511-516. doi:10.1001/jama.1943.02840250035016

FUEL RATIONING AND PUBLIC HEALTH  JOEL DEANDirector, Fuel Rationing Division, Office of Price AdministrationWashington, D. C.When it became clear that fuel oil would be rationed in a majority of the states, grave concern was felt for the effect on the public health. Many and dire were the prophecies of epidemics of communicable disease and of deaths from pneumonia, influenza and other respiratory ailments, and of resulting breakdown of public morale. A study of the medical aspect of fuel rationing was conducted by Bristol,1 and the findings were used as a basis of ration order 112 (fuel oil), which became effective Oct. 22, 1942.In that report a careful distinction was made between a "minimum standard" which would not jeopardize health for persons in normal physical condition and the "comfort zone" which physicians, engineers and public health workers interested in the subject of indoor heating and