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Since the beginning of the national defense program, the deficiencies in physical fitness of our young men and women have been one of its most outstanding and discouraging developments. We wish to emphasize that it will remain discouraging so long as we fail to develop a program which will build up and maintain physical fitness in fathers and mothers, in infants and school children, in youths of both sexes, in our productive adult population and in our older people. There are no short cuts to improving the physical fitness of a people. Improvement in this situation can be had only by a carefully planned, long-range program for the purpose of providing (1) wholesome physical environment, (2) adequate nutrition, (3) modern medical and dental services available to the people in response to their needs, (4) control of communicable disease, (5) elimination of hereditary defects, (6) sound mental hygiene and (7) effective
McCormack AT, Dalton CF, Hill FJ, et al. REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE ON HEALTH PROGRAMS: OF THE FORTY-FIRST ANNUAL CONFERENCE OF THE U. S. PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE WITH THE STATE AND TERRITORIAL HEALTH OFFICERS. JAMA. 1943;122(10):672–675. doi:10.1001/jama.1943.72840270005010
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