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Article
September 4, 1943

The Inner Ear Including Otoneurology, Otosurgery, and Problems in Modern Warfare

JAMA. 1943;123(1):65. doi:10.1001/jama.1943.02840360067037

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Abstract

Griffith in 1924, in reviewing the history of vestibular equilibration, pointed out among numerous other things that it was Flourens over a hundred years ago who first demonstrated that excitation of the semicircular canals of the internal ear produced effects similar to some obtained by certain types of cerebellar stimulation. A close connection between function of one part of the inner ear and the cerebellum was thus pointed out and in the succeeding years the nonacoustic function of the inner ear was solidly established. From the time of Flourens until the present a great deal of investigation has been carried out. Bárány through his work in the first ten or fifteen years of the present century excited the imagination particularly of otologists. The number of physiologists and clinicians before and since Bárány's time whose ardent labors produced some understanding of the mechanism of the end organ and its central connections

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