The International Red Cross was born of war and still serves most actively in wartime. The International or Geneva Red Cross movement rests on the foundation of the individual national organizations even though these vary widely in structure and importance in different countries. Since 1928 the International Red Cross has been a three headed organization which includes the national societies of the Red Cross, the International Committee and the League of the Societies of the Red Cross.1
During the war of 1870 the International Committee assumed for the first time the assistance to prisoners of war and created an agency for prisoners at Basle. Later this agency was removed to Geneva. Past experiences were reviewed in 1929; this resulted in the adoption of the revised convention of Geneva in that year regarding the treatment of prisoners of war. This convention was ratified by most countries except Finland, Japan, Russia
THE INTERNATIONAL RED CROSS IN TIME OF WAR. JAMA. 1943;123(5):289. doi:10.1001/jama.1943.02840400037010
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