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October 23, 1943

Edward Tyson, M.D., F.R.S., 1650-1708, and the Rise of Human and Comparative Anatomy in England: A Study in the History of Science

JAMA. 1943;123(8):516. doi:10.1001/jama.1943.02840430068028

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When an American scientist gives the Croonian lecture before the Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge he is paid from an endowment fund secured after William Croone's death, 1684, by Edward Tyson of Bristol and London, M.D., F.R.S., "founder of comparative anatomy in England," who laid the foundation on which was built Darwin's demonstration of animal evolution and the descent of man. Tyson was the first in England to institute the routine of systematic dissection and was one of the great protagonists of embryology, biochemistry and psychiatry. He "ranks with the immortals among anatomists" but has not been fully appreciated.

After the Puritan revolution in England of 1649 and after the restoration of 1660 some great spirits sought refuge from the fanaticism of religion, politics and scholastic philosophy in the direct study of nature. Inspiration had been given them by Gilbert, Bacon and Harvey, and for them the

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