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November 13, 1943

The Etiology of Delinquent and Criminal Behavior: A Planning Report for Research

JAMA. 1943;123(11):731. doi:10.1001/jama.1943.02840460065029

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In this interesting monograph the author attempts an evaluation of the important contributions and theories on the causes of criminal behavior and suggests a plan for further research. "The present monograph then may be looked on as an attempt to promote unified effort by the different disciplines—psychiatry, psychology and sociology—engaged in the study of the causes of delinquency and criminal behavior." In the complex field of criminology, heredity, subnormal intelligence, mental abnormality, endocrines, physical types and mental types, i. e. "typical criminal," have been offered as the deciding factors largely by psychiatrists and other physicians. Sociologists, on the other hand, have emphasized economic conditions, environmental conditions, family situations and exposure to crime, to name a few of the factors held responsible for conflict with the law. The author describes each of these hypotheses and attempts to point out the fallacy of attempts to give them as the sole cause of

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