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November 27, 1943

Psikhofiziologiya maskirovki i razvedki

JAMA. 1943;123(13):871. doi:10.1001/jama.1943.02840480071031

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This monograph reports studies carried out in the Moscow Institute of Psychology, dealing with the physiology and psychology of camouflage. According to the author, types of camouflage, as well as modern combat itself, are to a considerable degree determined and limited by our visual and auditory receptivity. These senses can be improved or intensified, for the purpose of observing the enemy's movements, in a number of ways, such as substituting one sense for another, resorting to the use of special apparatus, selecting men with highly developed visual or auditory senses and giving special training to these senses. One's position and maneuvering may be camouflaged (a) by utilization of the inadequacy of human visual and auditory acuity (this refers particularly to perception of light, color and sound), (b) by rapidity of movement and (c) by recourse to emotional factors which interfere with visual and auditory performance. The application of the physiologic

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