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December 11, 1943

Anopheles Gambiae in Brazil 1930 to 1940

JAMA. 1943;123(15):1003. doi:10.1001/jama.1943.02840500067031

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In describing the invasion of Brazil by Anopheles gambiae in 1930, the devastating outbreak of malaria caused by it in 1938 and the ultimate eradication of the species from its spreading focus in northeastern Brazil, Soper and Wilson have described, albeit in scientific form, one of the most dramatic episodes in public health history. Few persons outside the devastated area were aware during this period that the fate of a large section of the Western Hemisphere hung in a delicate balance, menaced by the most serious disease threat of its history. The authors, who played a vital role in the successful campaign to bring A. gambiae under control and later to exterminate it from its "beachhead" in the Western Hemisphere, have written an authoritative and semiofficial account of this program, carried on jointly by the Brazilian government and the Rockefeller Foundation. After a brief description of A. gambiae and its

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