Prevalence of Concussion Among US Adolescents and Correlated Factors | Adolescent Medicine | JAMA | JAMA Network
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Research Letter
September 26, 2017

Prevalence of Concussion Among US Adolescents and Correlated Factors

Author Affiliations
  • 1Institute for Research on Women and Gender, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
  • 2Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
  • 3Survey Research Center, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
JAMA. 2017;318(12):1180-1182. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.9087

Little is known about the prevalence and correlates of concussions among US adolescents. A regional study of Canadian adolescents found that approximately 20% had sustained a concussion.1,2 Providing a national baseline of concussion prevalence and correlates is necessary to target and monitor prevention efforts to reduce these types of injuries during this important developmental period.

This study used cross-sectional data from the 2016 Monitoring the Future (MTF) survey, an annual, in-school survey of US students in grades 8, 10, and 12.3 Response rates for the 2016 MTF survey were 90% for grade 8, 89% for grade 10, and 81% for grade 12. The institutional review board at the University of Michigan approved this study. A waiver of informed consent was sent to parents providing them a means to decline their child’s participation if necessary.