Initiating antiretroviral therapy (ART) on the same day as HIV testing is feasible and leads to improved retention and virologic suppression in patients with early HIV disease, according to a trial in PLOS Medicine.
The 703 participants with early HIV disease were randomized to either standard care (3 weekly visits with a social worker and physician prior to starting ART 21 days after diagnosis), or to ART initiated on the day of HIV diagnosis.
Slomski A. Immediate Antiretroviral Therapy Improves Retention and Outcomes. JAMA. 2017;318(12):1099. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.14118
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