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Clinical Trials Update
September 26, 2017

Immediate Antiretroviral Therapy Improves Retention and Outcomes

JAMA. 2017;318(12):1099. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.14118

Initiating antiretroviral therapy (ART) on the same day as HIV testing is feasible and leads to improved retention and virologic suppression in patients with early HIV disease, according to a trial in PLOS Medicine.

The 703 participants with early HIV disease were randomized to either standard care (3 weekly visits with a social worker and physician prior to starting ART 21 days after diagnosis), or to ART initiated on the day of HIV diagnosis.