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Toluene is a hydrocarbon, C6H5CH3, also known as toluol and methyl benzene. It is a colorless, highly refractive inflammable liquid obtained from tolu and other resins and from coal tar. It boils at 110.4 C. and has an odor similar to that of benzene. It is insoluble in water and is miscible with alcohol, ether, chloroform, carbon disulfide and petroleum benzine. Its specific gravity is about 0.865 at 250 C. It dissolves iodine, phosphorus, sulfur and, when used in large amounts, resins and fats.
Toluene constitutes 2 to 10 per cent of commercial benzene. It is used extensively as a solvent in the rubber, lacquer and munitions industries. It affords an excellent solvent for certain types of synthetic rubber because it dries rapidly. It is used as a starting material in the manufacture of trinitrotoluene.
The pathologic manifestations of exposure to toluene (toluol) are a
WILSON RH. TOLUENE POISONING. JAMA. 1943;123(17):1106–1108. doi:10.1001/jama.1943.02840520022006
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