On June 27, 1936 the Central People's Health Committee of the Soviet Union passed a law prohibiting abortion except in the presence of stringent indications. Thus it completely reversed its stand of 1920, when it legalized artificial abortion. Simultaneously a number of measures calculated to lighten the burden of childbearing and induce the rearing of large families were proposed. Both Germany and Italy were, at the same time, encouraging the rearing of large families in their respective countries. One of the objections to the legislation, principally from Russian women, was that it represented an encroachment on the woman's right to determine whether she chooses to become a mother or not. As The Journal commented,1 the attitude of the Soviet medical profession and in particular of the obstetricians and gynecologists was in sharp contrast to these views. According to one of the authorities (Professor G. A. Baksht) "The accumulated experience
THE SOVIET UNION AGAIN REVERSES ITS STAND, THIS TIME ON COEDUCATION. JAMA. 1944;124(2):97–98. doi:10.1001/jama.1944.02850020027013
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