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JAMA Clinical Guidelines Synopsis
December 5, 2017

Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Management of High Blood Pressure in Adults

Author Affiliations
  • 1University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois
JAMA. 2017;318(21):2132-2134. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.18706

Hypertension is a leading risk factor for mortality and disability. Recent estimates are that 874 million adults worldwide have an SBP of 140 mm Hg or higher.1,2 With its association with CVD, stroke (cerebrovascular accident [CVA]), heart failure, and chronic kidney disease (CKD), hypertension is second only to cigarette smoking as a preventable cause of death in the United States.3 Given demographic trends and the increasing prevalence of hypertension with increasing age (79% of men and 85% of women >75 years old have hypertension), the consequences of hypertension are expected to increase.1,2

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