Medicine has seen a proliferation of specialties over the last 50 years, as scientific discovery and care delivery advanced. Diagnoses and treatments have become more complex, so the need for formal training for specialty competence in cognitive and surgical disciplines has become clear. There are currently 860 000 physicians with active certifications through the American Board of Medical Specialties and 34 000 through the American Osteopathic Association.1
Nochomovitz M, Sharma R. Is It Time for a New Medical Specialty? The Medical Virtualist. JAMA. 2018;319(5):437–438. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.17094
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