[Skip to Content]
[Skip to Content Landing]
May 11, 1929


Author Affiliations


JAMA. 1929;92(19):1579-1582. doi:10.1001/jama.1929.02700450011005

Is bathing harmful? That depends. It depends on the human factors involved and it also depends on the materials and apparatus employed. Like every other measure used for man's benefit there is in connection with it an unseen danger that may destroy in a moment all the good that otherwise one might derive from a fundamentally useful therapeutic measure.

My object in this inquiry is to describe the various kinds of accidents associated with ordinary bathing and also with hydrotherapeutic measures and to note what lessons may be drawn from them. Numerous reports in the press have suggested this inquiry.

It is rare that physicians report any accident coming to their knowledge during the use of hydrotherapy or balneotherapy; but the public press often carries news reports of these accidents, especially if they are fatal or concern prominent persons. I have had very little personal experience with actual injury while