The tuberculosis (TB) mortality rate has declined by 37% worldwide since 2000, but the disease still remains 1 of the top 10 causes of death, according to the most recent Global TB Report 2017, released by the World Health Organization. Greater political commitment is needed to address the burden of the disease and meet the goal of ending the TB epidemic by 2030.
Tuberculosis was the leading cause of death from a single infectious agent in 2016, ranking above HIV/AIDS. Worldwide, 10.4 million new TB infections were estimated in 2016—10% of which occurred in people with HIV—and about 1.7 million people died of the disease. More than 600 000 new cases of TB with resistance to the most effective first-line drug, rifampicin, were reported, including 490 000 multidrug-resistant TB infections.
Friedrich M. Tuberculosis Update 2017. JAMA. 2017;318(23):2287. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.18477