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January 9, 2018

Diagnosis and Treatment of Hypertension in the 2017 ACC/AHA Guidelines and in the Real World

Author Affiliations
  • 1Stanford Prevention Research Center, Meta-Research Innovation Center at Stanford (METRICS), and Departments of Medicine, Health Research and Policy, Biomedical Data Science, and Statistics, Stanford University, Stanford, California
JAMA. 2018;319(2):115-116. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.19672

The recently released American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) guidelines1 promote radical changes in the management of hypertension. First, given the change in the definition of the condition (blood pressure >130/80 mm Hg instead of >140/90 mm Hg), the proportion of adults in the United States labeled as having hypertension has suddenly increased from 32% to 46%.2 Second, the new blood pressure target of treatment is also accordingly lower. Third, use of antihypertensive drugs is to be guided by blood pressure as well as by the presence of cardiovascular disease (CVD), diabetes, or a more than 10% 10-year risk of developing CVD. Fourth, the guidelines put more emphasis on monitoring blood pressure at home and on team-based systems for managing hypertension.

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