During the past three years we have studied the basal metabolism of children referred to our clinic for various reasons. During this time, we have accumulated considerable information about overweight and underweight children. In the present paper we are reporting the data obtained in seventy overweight children. Obesity has been classified as follows:
Exogenous obesity due to:
Overfeeding ("Mast fettsucht" of von Noorden1).
Laziness ("Faulheitsfettsucht" of von Noorden).
A combination of the two.
A frank glandular etiology, such as myxedema due to hypothyroidism, obesity following castration, and adiposogenital dystrophy.
Constitutional obesity due not to overeating or underexercising or frank glandular disease, but caused by a constitutional tendency to obesity, which does not, of course, explain the condition.
In the endogenous obesity of frank glandular etiology, there is usually a lowered basal metabolic rate. In the other types of obesity, Du Bois2 believes, the literature on this subject
TOPPER A, MULIER H. BASAL METABOLISM OF CHILDREN OF ABNORMAL BODY WEIGHT: I. BASAL METABOLISM OF OVERWEIGHT CHILDREN. JAMA. 1929;92(23):1903–1907. doi:10.1001/jama.1929.02700490003002
Customize your JAMA Network experience by selecting one or more topics from the list below.
Create a personal account or sign in to: