Does the implementation of the Bedside Paediatric Early Warning System (BedsidePEWS) reduce hospital mortality compared with no severity of illness score?
In this cluster randomized trial that included 21 hospitals, 144 539 patient discharges, and 559 443 patient-days, implementation of the BedsidePEWS compared with usual care did not significantly decrease all-cause mortality among hospitalized pediatric patients (1.93 per 1000 discharges vs 1.56 per 1000 discharges, respectively).
This study does not support the use of the BedsidePEWS to reduce hospital mortality.
There is limited evidence that the use of severity of illness scores in pediatric patients can facilitate timely admission to the intensive care unit or improve patient outcomes.
To determine the effect of the Bedside Paediatric Early Warning System (BedsidePEWS) on all-cause hospital mortality and late admission to the intensive care unit (ICU), cardiac arrest, and ICU resource use.
Design, Setting, and Participants
A multicenter cluster randomized trial of 21 hospitals located in 7 countries (Belgium, Canada, England, Ireland, Italy, New Zealand, and the Netherlands) that provided inpatient pediatric care for infants (gestational age ≥37 weeks) to teenagers (aged ≤18 years). Participating hospitals had continuous physician staffing and subspecialized pediatric services. Patient enrollment began on February 28, 2011, and ended on June 21, 2015. Follow-up ended on July 19, 2015.
The BedsidePEWS intervention (10 hospitals) was compared with usual care (no severity of illness score; 11 hospitals).
Main Outcomes and Measures
The primary outcome was all-cause hospital mortality. The secondary outcome was a significant clinical deterioration event, which was defined as a composite outcome reflecting late ICU admission. Regression analyses accounted for hospital-level clustering and baseline rates.
Among 144 539 patient discharges at 21 randomized hospitals, there were 559 443 patient-days and 144 539 patients (100%) completed the trial. All-cause hospital mortality was 1.93 per 1000 patient discharges at hospitals with BedsidePEWS and 1.56 per 1000 patient discharges at hospitals with usual care (adjusted between-group rate difference, 0.01 [95% CI, −0.80 to 0.81 per 1000 patient discharges]; adjusted odds ratio, 1.01 [95% CI, 0.61 to 1.69]; P = .96). Significant clinical deterioration events occurred during 0.50 per 1000 patient-days at hospitals with BedsidePEWS vs 0.84 per 1000 patient-days at hospitals with usual care (adjusted between-group rate difference, −0.34 [95% CI, −0.73 to 0.05 per 1000 patient-days]; adjusted rate ratio, 0.77 [95% CI, 0.61 to 0.97]; P = .03).
Conclusions and Relevance
Implementation of the Bedside Paediatric Early Warning System compared with usual care did not significantly decrease all-cause mortality among hospitalized pediatric patients. These findings do not support the use of this system to reduce mortality.
clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT01260831
Parshuram CS, Dryden-Palmer K, Farrell C, Gottesman R, Gray M, Hutchison JS, Helfaer M, Hunt EA, Joffe AR, Lacroix J, Moga MA, Nadkarni V, Ninis N, Parkin PC, Wensley D, Willan AR, Tomlinson GA, . Effect of a Pediatric Early Warning System on All-Cause Mortality in Hospitalized Pediatric PatientsThe EPOCH Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA. 2018;319(10):1002–1012. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.0948
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