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Global Health
May 15, 2018

Antibiotic Consumption Increasing Globally

JAMA. 2018;319(19):1973. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.5711

Antibiotic use has increased globally since 2000, fueled by an increase in antibiotic consumption in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) that have experienced economic growth, report an international group of researchers.

The researchers used a database of antibiotic sales in 76 countries to assess antibiotic use from 2000 to 2015. They examined differences in consumption between high-income countries (HICs) and LMICs, identified drivers of antibiotic use in these different economic milieus, and projected total global antibiotic consumption through 2030. Data were reported in defined daily doses (DDs), which represent the assumed average maintenance dose per day for a drug used for its main indication in adults.