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August 7, 2018

Research Uncovers How Commensal Bacteria Contribute to Multiple Sclerosis

JAMA. 2018;320(5):429-430. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.12863

A study recently published in Nature reveals that byproducts of microorganisms living in the gut may influence the progression of neurodegenerative diseases such as multiple sclerosis (MS) by controlling the interaction of 2 nonneuronal cell types: microglia and astrocytes. The findings may point to novel treatment strategies and suggest that inflammatory brain diseases could be dampened indirectly via the gut.