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Global Health
August 21, 2018

Child Deaths From Pneumococcus and Hib Plummet

JAMA. 2018;320(7):633. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.11672

The deaths of children in developing countries from the leading bacterial causes of pneumonia and meningitis—Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus) and Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib)—declined between 2000 and 2015, according to a recent report in the Lancet Global Health.

Researchers calculated annual, country-specific estimates of pneumococcal and Hib morbidity and mortality rates in children for each of the 3 primary syndromes associated with these pathogens: pneumonia, meningitis, and invasive nonpneumonia, nonmeningitis (NPNM). They used World Health Organization (WHO) and Maternal and Child Epidemiology country-specific estimates of pneumonia and meningitis mortality and pneumonia morbidity along with field-based evidence to determine deaths attributable to pneumococcus and Hib. Vaccine coverage data were obtained from WHO and United Nations Children’s Fund.