The deaths of children in developing countries from the leading bacterial causes of pneumonia and meningitis—Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus) and Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib)—declined between 2000 and 2015, according to a recent report in the Lancet Global Health.
Researchers calculated annual, country-specific estimates of pneumococcal and Hib morbidity and mortality rates in children for each of the 3 primary syndromes associated with these pathogens: pneumonia, meningitis, and invasive nonpneumonia, nonmeningitis (NPNM). They used World Health Organization (WHO) and Maternal and Child Epidemiology country-specific estimates of pneumonia and meningitis mortality and pneumonia morbidity along with field-based evidence to determine deaths attributable to pneumococcus and Hib. Vaccine coverage data were obtained from WHO and United Nations Children’s Fund.
Friedrich M. Child Deaths From Pneumococcus and Hib Plummet. JAMA. 2018;320(7):633. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.11672
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