Gregg reported in 1941 at the annual meeting of the Ophthalmological Society of Australia a series of 78 cases of congenital cataract occurring in babies between December 1939 and January 1941. With few exceptions their mothers had suffered during the early stages of pregnancy from an exanthematous disease diagnosed as rubella. Many of the babies were of small size, ill nourished and often difficult to feed. In 44 of them a congenital lesion of the heart also was detected, in 10 the heart was apparently normal and in the remainder the cardiac condition was not recorded. The cataracts were of dense nuclear type; in 62 cases they were bilateral and in the remainder unilateral. In 11 of the 16 monocular cases the affected eye was microphthalmic. There was no similarity in the appearance of the cataracts to any of the morphologic types of congenital and developmental opacity reported previously.
CONGENITAL CATARACT AND OTHER ANOMALIES FOLLOWING GERMAN MEASLES IN THE MOTHER. JAMA. 1944;126(4):237–238. doi:10.1001/jama.1944.02850390035015
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