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October 7, 1944


JAMA. 1944;126(6):360-367. doi:10.1001/jama.1944.82850410003011

Occupational therapy is an objective treatment prescribed by a physician to hasten a patient's recovery from disease or injury or to contribute to his adjustment to hospitalization.1 The activities used as treatment must be sufficiently interesting to the patient to motivate his active participation. The occupational therapist must be trained professionally to carry out the physician's prescription to select and adapt activities which meet the patient's physical and psychologic needs. The occupational therapist should be a graduate of a school approved by the Council on Medical Education and Hospitals and registered by the American Occupational Association.

Occupational therapy is divided roughly into the following groups:

  1. Preventive or Diversional Therapy.—This type of occupational therapy comprises simple prescribed activities, including recreation, which serves to induce rest, to control general exercise, to prevent neuroses and to sustain morale.

  2. Functional Therapy.—This type comprises prescribed activities planned to assist in the restoration

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