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October 12, 1929


JAMA. 1929;93(15):1156-1157. doi:10.1001/jama.1929.02710150048017

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A Profound Change in the Age Constitution of the Population  In his annual report for 1928 on the state of the public health, Sir George Newman, chief medical officer to the ministry of health, calls attention to a profound change in the age constitution of the population. For more than a generation, owing to the declining birth and death rates, the proportion of children has been decreasing and of persons past the prime of life increasing. In 1901, 11.4 per cent of the inhabitants of England and Wales were children under 5 years and 10.6 per cent were persons more than 55 years of age. By 1911 the proportion of children had fallen to 10.7 per cent and that of persons beyond the prime of life had increased to 11.6 per cent. The war, with its destruction of men and enhancement of the fall of the birth rate, resulted in

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