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Research Letter
December 4, 2018

Proportion of Non–US-Born and Noncitizen Health Care Professionals in the United States in 2016

Author Affiliations
  • 1Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey
  • 2now with the US Congressional Budget Office, Washington, DC
  • 3Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts
JAMA. 2018;320(21):2265-2267. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.14270

National estimates of the proportion of current health care professionals, including physicians, who are non–US-born or noncitizens are unknown. These proportions may be significant. For example, non–US-born medical graduates comprise approximately one-fifth of practicing US physicians,1,2 and among non–US-born medical graduates who match into residency positions in the United States, approximately 60% are not US citizens.3 Using data from the US Census, this study estimated the proportion of non–US-born and noncitizen health care professionals in the United States in 2016.

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