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Clinical Trials Update
December 25, 2018

Hand Sanitizer Combated Sickness in Day Care Centers

JAMA. 2018;320(24):2521. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.20158

A hand-hygiene program in day care centers and homes reduced the incidence of respiratory infections, sick days, and antibiotic prescriptions, found a trial in Pediatrics.

Participants in the trial included 911 children, aged 0 to 3 years, their parents, and staff in the 24 day care centers the children attended. Participants were cluster randomized to handwashing with soap and water, to handwashing with hand sanitizer, or to usual handwashing (control). Parents and day care staff attended a 1-hour hand-hygiene workshop before the study started. Intervention groups received instructions on when to wash hands and hand hygiene and infection transmission education along with a supply of hand sanitizer or liquid soap.